Wednesday, June 16, 2021

TheList 5748

The List 5748     TGB

 

Good Wednesday Morning 16 June

A bit of history and some tidbits.

Regards

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Today in Naval History

June 16

1943 At Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands, Japanese aircraft conduct the largest raid since April 7. Although a large number of enemy planes are shot down, LST-340 and USS Celeno (AK-76) are damaged.

1953 During the Korean War, USS Princeton (CVS 37) launches 184 sorties against enemy front-line positions, a new record for offensive sorties flown from a carrier during the Korean War in a single day.

1959 A P4M "Mercator" is fired on by two North Korean MiG aircraft while on a routine flight over international waters off Korea. The attack wounds one crewman and damages the plane, forcing an emergency landing at Miho, Japan.

1965 The U.S. Navy schedules the reactivation of USS Repose (AH 16), which is the first hospital ship active for the Vietnam War.

1990 USS Monterey (CG 61) is commissioned at Mayport, Fla. The Ticonderoga-class guided-missile cruiser is named for the Battle of Monterrey during the Mexican-American War in 1846.

 

 

Today in History June 16

 

455

Rome is sacked by the Vandal army.

1815

Napoleon defeats the Prussians at the Battle of Ligny.

1858

Abraham Lincoln, in accepting the Republican nomination for the U.S. Senate in Illinois, declares that, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."

1864

The siege of Petersburg and Richmond begins after a moonlight skirmish.

1907

The Russian czar dissolves the Duma in St. Petersburg.

1910

The first Father's Day is celebrated in Spokane, Washington.

1925

France accepts a German proposal for a security pact.

1932

The ban on Nazi storm troopers is lifted by the von Papen government in Germany.

1935

President Franklin Roosevelt's New Deal legislation is passed by the House of Representatives.

1940

French Chief of State, Henri Petain asks for an armistice with Germany.

1952

Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl is published in the United States.

1955

The U.S. House of Representatives votes to extend Selective Service until 1959.

1961

Ballet star Rudolf Nureyev defects from the Soviet Union while in Paris.

1971

An El Greco sketch, "The Immaculate Conception," stolen in Spain 35 years earlier, is recovered in New York City by the FBI.

1977

Leonid Brezhnev is named president of the Soviet Union.

 

 

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ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED Thanks to the Bear

LOOKING BACK 55-YEARS to the Vietnam Air War— … For The List for Wednesday, 16 June 2021… BearπŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ⚓️🐻

 

OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER (1965-1968)…

From the archives of rollingthunderremembered.com post for 16 June 1966… "Green Weenies with Vs for TR and 'The Spirits' of VA-76"…

 

https://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/rolling-thunder-remembered-16-june-1966-green-weenies/

 

This following work accounts for every fixed wing loss of the Vietnam War and you can use it to read more about the losses in The Bear's Daily account. Even better it allows you to add your updated information to the work to update for history…skip

 

Vietnam Air Losses

Access Chris Hobson and Dave Lovelady's work at:  https://www.VietnamAirLosses.com.

 

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This Day in U S Military History…….June 16

 

1944 – US battleships, under the command of Admiral Ainsworth, shell Guam. The invasion of the island is deferred, however, because of the approach of the Japanese fleet. On Saipan, the elements of US 5th Amphibious Corps link the two beachheads by capturing Charan Karoa and Afetna Point. There is substantial use of artillery by the Japanese and American counter battery fire in addition to the infantry combat.

1944 – Admiral Clark leads two groups of US carrier forces raiding Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima and Haha Jima. The Japanese fleets link up and refuel. US patrols make two sightings.

1945 – On Okinawa, Mount Yuza is captured by the US 381st Infantry Regiment. Fighting continues on the south of the island. At sea, the Japanese air offensive against American ships slackens, but the Japanese still sink 1 destroyer and damage 1 escort carrier.

Medal of Honor Citations for Actions Taken This Day

 

GREGG, JOSEPH O.
Rank and organization: Private, Company F, 133d Ohio Infantry. Place and date: Near the Richmond & Petersburg Ry., Va., 16 June 1864. Entered service at: ——. Born: 5 January 1841, Circleville, Ohio. Date of issue: 13 May 1899. Citation: Voluntarily returned to the breastworks which his regiment had been forced to abandon to notify 3 missing companies that the regiment was falling back; found the enemy already in the works, refused a demand to surrender, returning to his command under a concentrated fire, several bullets passing through his hat and clothing.

JACKSON, FREDERICK R.
Rank and organization: First Sergeant, Company F, 7th Connecticut Infantry. Place and date: At James Island, S.C., 16 June 1862. Entered service at: New Haven, Conn. Birth: New Haven, Conn. Date of issue: 1863. Citation: Having his left arm shot away in a charge on the enemy, he continued on duty, taking part in a second and a third charge until he fell exhausted from the loss of blood.

LEWIS, DEWITT CLINTON
Rank and organization: Captain, Company F, 97th Pennsylvania Infantry. Place and date: At Secessionville, S.C., 16 June 1862. Entered service at: ——. Birth: West Chester, Pa. Date of issue: 23 April 1896. Citation: While retiring with his men before a heavy fire of can1ster shot at short range, returned in the face of the enemy's fire and rescued an exhausted private of his company who but for this timely action would have lost his life by drowning in the morass through which the troops were retiring.

*McCARD, ROBERT HOWARD
Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 25 November 1918, Syracuse, N.Y. Accredited to: New York. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as platoon sergeant of Company A, 4th Tank Battalion, 4th Marine Division, during the battle for enemy Japanese-held Saipan, Marianas Islands, on 16 June 1944. Cut off from the other units of his platoon when his tank was put out of action by a battery of enemy 77mm. guns, G/Sgt. McCard carried on resolutely, bringing all the tank's weapons to bear on the enemy, until the severity of hostile fire caused him to order his crew out of the escape hatch while he courageously exposed himself to enemy guns by hurling hand grenades, in order to cover the evacuation of his men. Seriously wounded during this action and with his supply of grenades exhausted, G/Sgt. McCard then dismantled one of the tank's machineguns and faced the Japanese for the second time to deliver vigorous fire into their positions, destroying 16 of the enemy but sacrificing himself to insure the safety of his crew. His valiant fighting spirit and supreme loyalty in the face of almost certain death reflect the highest credit upon G/Sgt. McCard and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.

*SARNOSKI, JOSEPH R. (Air Mission)
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Army Air Corps, 43rd Bomber Group, Place and date: Over Buka Area, Solomon Islands, 16 June 1943. Entered service at: Simpson, Pa. Born. 30 January 1915, Simpson, Pa. G.O. No.: 85, 17 December 1943. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action above and beyond the call of duty. On 16 June 1943, 2d Lt. Sarnoski volunteered as bombardier of a crew on an important photographic mapping mission covering the heavily defended Buka area, Solomon Islands. When the mission was nearly completed, about 20 enemy fighters intercepted. At the nose guns, 2d Lt. Sarnoski fought off the first attackers, making it possible for the pilot to finish the plotted course. When a coordinated frontal attack by the enemy extensively damaged his bomber, and seriously injured 5 of the crew, 2d Lt. Sarnoski, though wounded, continued firing and shot down 2 enemy planes. A 20-millimeter shell which burst in the nose of the bomber knocked him into the catwalk under the cockpit. With indomitable fighting spirit, he crawled back to his post and kept on firing until he collapsed on his guns. 2d Lt. Sarnoski by resolute defense of his aircraft at the price of his life, made possible the completion of a vitally important mission.

 

The action below was known as the 4 motored dogfight and has been in the list before.

REPORT THIS AD

ZEAMER, JAY JR. (Air Mission)
Rank and organization: Major, U.S. Army Air Corps. Place and date: Over Buka area, Solomon Islands, 16 June 1943. Entered service at: Machias, Maine. Birth: Carlisle, Pa. G.O. No.: 1, 4 January 1944. Citation: On 16 June 1943, Maj. Zeamer (then Capt.) volunteered as pilot of a bomber on an important photographic mapping mission covering the formidably defended area in the vicinity of Buka, Solomon Islands. While photographing the Buka airdrome. his crew observed about 20 enemy fighters on the field, many of them taking off. Despite the certainty of a dangerous attack by this strong force, Maj. Zeamer proceeded with his mapping run, even after the enemy attack began. In the ensuing engagement, Maj. Zeamer sustained gunshot wounds in both arms and legs, 1 leg being broken. Despite his injuries, he maneuvered the damaged plane so skillfully that his gunners were able to fight off the enemy during a running fight which lasted 40 minutes. The crew destroyed at least 5 hostile planes, of which Maj. Zeamer himself shot down 1. Although weak from loss of blood, he refused medical aid until the enemy had broken combat. He then turned over the controls, but continued to exercise command despite lapses into unconsciousness, and directed the flight to a base 580 miles away. In this voluntary action, Maj. Zeamer, with superb skill, resolution, and courage, accomplished a mission of great value.

HOWARD, JIMMIE E.
Rank and organization: Gunnery Sergeant (then S/Sgt.) U.S. Marine Corps, Company C, 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 16 June 1966. Entered service at: Burlington, Iowa. Born: 27 July 1929, Burlington, Iowa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his own life above and beyond the call of duty. G/Sgt. Howard and his 18-man platoon were occupying an observation post deep within enemy-controlled territory. Shortly after midnight a Viet Cong force of estimated battalion size approached the marines' position and launched a vicious attack with small arms, automatic weapons, and mortar fire. Reacting swiftly and fearlessly in the face of the overwhelming odds, G/Sgt. Howard skillfully organized his small but determined force into a tight perimeter defense and calmly moved from position to position to direct his men's fire. Throughout the night, during assault after assault, his courageous example and firm leadership inspired and motivated his men to withstand the unrelenting fury of the hostile fire in the seemingly hopeless situation. He constantly shouted encouragement to his men and exhibited imagination and resourcefulness in directing their return fire. When fragments of an exploding enemy grenade wounded him severely and prevented him from moving his legs, he distributed his ammunition to the remaining members of his platoon and proceeded to maintain radio communications and direct air strikes on the enemy with uncanny accuracy. At dawn, despite the fact that 5 men were killed and all but 1 wounded, his beleaguered platoon was still in command of its position. When evacuation helicopters approached his position, G/Sgt. Howard warned them away and called for additional air strikes and directed devastating small-arms fire and air strikes against enemy automatic weapons positions in order to make the landing zone as secure as possible. Through his extraordinary courage and resolute fighting spirit, G/Sgt. Howard was largely responsible for preventing the loss of his entire platoon. His valiant leadership and courageous fighting spirit served to inspire the men of his platoon to heroic endeavor in the face of overwhelming odds, and reflect the highest credit upon G/Sgt. Howard, the Marine Corps, and the U.S. Naval Service.

 

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Thanks to Mike

Flying the Hump…….These are the pilots who flew across the Himalayas Mountains between India and China to bring supplies and personnel China in WWII

http://www.businessinsider.com/6-brutal-facts-about-flying-the-hump-wwii-airlift-route-to-china-2018-6

 

 

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From the Little Big Horn to the '03 Springfield by  W. Thomas Smith Jr.

 

This Week in American Military History:

 

June 20, 1941: The U.S. Army Air Corps is reorganized as the U.S. Army Air Forces (the predecessor to the U.S. Air Force).

 

June 22, 1944: Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 – commonly known as the "G.I. Bill of Rights" – into law.

The law will literally change the socio-economic landscape of the country:

putting teeth in the U.S. Veterans Administration, and providing education and work-training opportunities, home loans, farm and business startup capital, and other benefits for millions of soon-to-be-returning World War II veterans who otherwise would never receive such.

According to the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, "Before the war, college and homeownership were, for the most part, unreachable dreams for the average American."

The G.I. Bill changed that.

"Millions who would have flooded the job market instead opted for education. In the peak year of 1947, veterans accounted for 49 percent of college admissions. By the time the original G.I. Bill ended on July 25, 1956, 7.8 million of 16 million World War II veterans had participated in an education or training program."

 

June 23, 1903: The U.S. Army adopts the now-famous Springfield rifle

(M1903) as the standard infantry weapon.

The bolt-action M1903 Springfield will be the primary American rifle carried by soldiers and Marines during America's year (1918) in World War I. And in 1942, U.S. Marines fighting Japanese diehards on Guadalcanal are still armed with the '03 Springfield as their primary weapon (though the semi-automatic M1 Garand had begun to replace the Springfield a few years earlier).

Coincidentally among the American combat units on "the Canal" is the fighting 5th Marine Regiment, which – 25 years earlier during the bloody battle of Belleau Wood – won for the entire Corps a reputation as some of the world's best marksmen. And they did so of course with the '03 Springfield.

U.S. Army Gen. John J. "Black Jack" Pershing, commanding general of the American Expeditionary Forces in World War I, will say, "The deadliest weapon in the world is a Marine and his rifle [meaning his '03 Springfield]."

In his book, Guadalcanal Marine, author Kerry L. Lane will write: "The enemy on Guadalcanal would soon learn that a Marine marksman armed with a Springfield '03 rifle is a dangerous man at a great distance."

 

June 25, 1876: The battle of the Little Big Horn opens between a few hundred U.S. Army cavalry troopers under the command of Lt. Col. George Armstrong Custer and thousands of allied Lakota and Cheyenne Indian warriors under the command of Crazy Horse and Chief Gall.

Also known as "Custer's last stand," the battle will result in the encirclement and total annihilation of Custer and his vastly outnumbered command.

Though a dark day for the American Army, the battle of the Little Big Horn represents multiple inescapable elements of American military tradition:

The dashing, adventurous cavalry trooper riding off into the unknown, mistakes made, mistakes corrected, courage, sacrifice, our American Indian heritage, and the growing pains of America's westward expansion.

 

June 26, 1948: The Berlin Airlift – a series of some 300,000 air-transport flights into West Berlin delivering an average of 5,000 tons of life necessities every day for nearly a year – begins.

Led by the U.S. Air Force, the airlift – codenamed "Operation Vittles" and unofficially known as "LeMay's Feed and Coal Company" – is launched in response to a Soviet blockade of West Berlin; cutting off all highway and rail routes into the Western zones.

 

(Gen. Curtis LeMay – affectionately known as "Old Iron Ass" – was the Air Force's brash, cigar-chewing master of strategic bombing.) U.S. Army Gen. Lucius Clay, the military governor of the American zone of occupied Germany, writes: "When the order of the Soviet Military Administration to close all rail traffic from the western zones went into effect …, the three western sectors of Berlin, with a civilian population of about 2,500,000 people, became dependent on reserve stocks and airlift replacements. It was one of the most ruthless efforts in modern times to use mass starvation for political coercion... ."

The blockade and subsequent airlift was the first serious confrontational crisis between the Western Allies and the Soviet Union following World War II. But the airlift, which gained wide public support around the world, was an enormous success. In May 1949, the Soviets conceded and reopened the land routes, though strict – in fact, harsh – control continued for the remainder of the Cold War.

 

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More good common sense workout advice thanks to Carl

Senior Life Lessons

 

One day my dog and I were out for a walk to a mailbox and, coincidentally, the postman's truck was sighted just ahead of us. I decided to step up our pace and catch him.  But each time we'd almost reach his truck, he would pull away to his next stop. This went on for a few blocks until we finally caught up.

As the postman got out of his truck I noticed how elderly he appeared, white-haired and well past the usual retirement age. I kidded him about our chasing down his truck. He remarked that both his knees had been surgically repaired. I told him that he looked quite nimble getting in and out of the truck and walking up the driveways.

"That's the only reason I still come to work," he said. "I could have retired some time ago. But if you don't keep moving, it's all over."

In those three short sentences, he had healthy aging figured out.

Walk, or jog, or bike, or swim, or work in the garden. Whatever holds your interest. But keep moving. Add some resistance exercise and stretching and stay as fit as possible for as long as possible.

A popular men's magazine broke down by decades suggested exercise guidelines for people as they age. It wasn't one of the steroid-bodybuilding publications but a men's magazine of reasonableness. My only quarrel with the article is that more emphasis might have been placed on the word "guidelines."

Certainly, workouts must evolve and change from decade to decade, but rigid formats usually aren't the best way to go. And the magazine had broken it down to exact exercises, sets, and reps to do in each decade, beginning in your 20s, then your 30s, 40s, 50s, 60s. (The 70s on up weren't mentioned.)

As mechanical as their guidelines sounded, I shouldn't be too critical, as long as the advice is not taken as absolute. Everyone's abilities and needs may not follow the same trajectory while moving from one decade to the next. Other factors, too, such as injuries or illnesses, must be taken into account when adjusting programs.

In my own case, I saw little difference in what I could do in my 50s. Capacity changes in my 60s also were quite gradual. Still, looking back at my training records, I can see there was some loss in strength as well as a need for more recovery time after workouts. Turning 70, I began noticing a steeper decline. But that's me. The need for adjustments may come at different stages for each of us.

Now in my mid-eighties, abbreviated workouts with resistance bands have become more sensible. I gave up one-rep-maximum lifts with free weights years ago. Seniors sending their blood pressure through the roof with do-or-die efforts isn't smart.

When the great bodybuilder Steve Reeves moved into his 60s and 70s, he still weight trained three days per week. But he cut back his sets from three or four to two, and used lighter weights, doing 15 to 25 reps, depending on which body part he was working. He isn't a bad example to follow.

So keep moving. That's the key. Make use of intelligent guidelines like those at Senior Exercise Central. Then make adjustments according to your own needs.

For senior beginners, a good, solid place to start is right here.

And if you can't catch up with the postman's truck, that's probably okay. The fact that you are out there moving is the important thing.

Stay healthy. Stay fit.

Logan

.

 

 

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AMERICAN AEROSPACE EVENTS for June 16, 2021 FIRSTS, LASTS, AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS. THANKS TO HAROLD "PHIL" MYERS CHIEF HISTORIAN AIR FORCE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AGENCY

 

16 June

 

1922: Lt Clayton Bissell initiated night cross-country flights from Bolling Field to Langley Field and back. (18) (24) Henry Adler Berliner made the first US helicopter flight of importance at College Park before representatives of the US Bureau of Aeronautics. (24)

 

1928: Successful tests made at Wright Field of superchargers designed to give sea level pressure at 30,000 feet, and a new liquid oxygen system for high altitude flying. (24)

 

1936: Seversky Aircraft Company received a contract to build P-35s for the Army. It was the Army's first single-seat fighter with a closed cockpit and retractable landing gear. (21)

 

1941: Consolidated's B-24 Liberator entered the Air Corps inventory. It flew faster and farther than the B-17. Eventually, more than 18,000 B-24s entered the inventory. (21)

 

1945: FIRST HELICOPTER MEDEVAC MISSION. Through 29 June, R-4Bs and R-6As of the 5th and 6th Aircraft Repair Units (Floating) evacuated 70 wounded soldiers from frontlines on Luzon, Philippines.

 

1953: North American delivered its 1000th T-28 Trojan to the Air Force. (20)

 

1959: The first F-105s arrived at Seymour Johnson AFB.

 

1965: AFSC directed its Aeronautical Systems Division to begin the prerequisite studies for the F-X fighter. (30)

 

1966: In the first Titan III-C launch from the Eastern Test Range, the USAF placed seven Defense Communications Satellite Program (IDCSP) repeaters and one gravity-gradient satellite into a random, near synchronous, equatorial orbit. This formed the nucleus of a world-wide military communications system that would have 15 other satellites. (26)

 

1971: The USAF and NASA signed an agreement to conduct joint Transonic Aircraft Technology (TACT) Program to explore application of supercritical wing technology to highly maneuverable advanced aircraft. The F-111 became the test bed aircraft. Operation BONNY JACK. Through 18 July, four C-130s from Pope AFB flew 308 sorties to support the humanitarian airlift of East Pakistani refugees from the Indian border state of Tripura to resettlement areas in Gauhati further inland. On return flights, the C-130s carried more than 1,750 tons of rice to feed refugees remaining in Tripura. On the deployment from the CONUS, the aircraft delivered one million doses of anti-Cholera vaccine to India. (16) (26)

 

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World News for 16 June thanks to Military Periscope

 

USA—Pentagon Eyes Permanent Naval Task Force To Counter China Politico | 06/16/2021 The Pentagon is mulling additional steps to counter China's growing assertiveness in the Indo-Pacific region, reports Politico. Sources said that the plan involves establishing a permanent naval task force in the region, modeled on NATO's Standing Naval Forces Atlantic during the Cold War. It was not immediately clear if the task force would only include U.S. ships or if other countries would participate. The proposal includes creating a named operation, which would allow the defense secretary to funnel additional resources to the theater, the sources said. No decisions have been made. The proposals are part of a series of efforts to strengthen the U.S. approach to China. 

 

USA—1st GBSD Test Flight Planned For 2023 Air Force Magazine | 06/16/2021 The first test flight of the Ground-Based Strategic Deterrent (GBSD) missile is scheduled to take place within two years, reports Air Force magazine. The initial GBSD missile launch is anticipated by the end of calendar year 2023 from Vandenberg Space Force Base, Calif., Col. Jason Bartolomei, the program manager, said during an Air Force Association virtual forum on Monday. The program is in the midst of the critical design review phase for subsystems, Bartolomei said. The missile is also begin tested in a "modeling and simulation environment." The GBSD, which is being developed by Northrop Grumman, will replace the Minuteman III in the land-based intercontinental ballistic missile role. It is expected to reach initial operational capability in 2029 and full operational capability in 2036 with the deployment of 400 missiles. The service must press ahead with the GBSD, because there is no longer any margin left to replace the Minuteman III due to growing issues, such as disappearing spare parts sources, increasing complexity of threats and the decay of missile infrastructure, which has been in service for decades past its original lifespan, said Global Strike Command chief Gen. Timothy Ray. The GBSD has been designed for a 70-year service life, with the ability to be easily and quickly updated with new technology and as threats change. 

 

USA—Deal Reached With E.U. Over Aircraft Subsidies Cable News Network | 06/16/2021 The U.S. and European Union have agreed to end a trade dispute rooted in subsidies to aircraft manufacturers Boeing and Airbus, reports CNN. On Tuesday, U.S. officials confirmed that a deal had been struck under which both sides committed to suspend tariffs that had been imposed during the dispute for five years. The sides will also release statements detailing acceptable support for aircraft manufacturers. An initial agreement to temporarily suspend tariffs for four months was forged in March by the U.S., E.U. and U.K. The dispute dates back to 2004 when the E.U. filed a claim with the World Trade Organization (WTO) alleging Boeing had received $19 billion in unfair subsidies from the federal and state governments. The U.S. subsequently filed a similar suit alleging unfair European subsidies for Airbus. The WTO ruled in 2019 that Airbus had provided illegal support and authorized the U.S. to respond with tariffs on up to $7.5 billion in annual trade. It ruled that Boeing had also received benefits that violated trade rules and authorized tariffs on up to $4 billion in annual trade, reported BBC News. The U.S. and E.U. have taken measures to remove the assistance ruled illegal by the WTO. The deal will allow the U.S. and E.U. to focus on areas of mutual concern, including China, observers said. The deal reached this week does not resolve disputes over steel and aluminum tariffs imposed by the Trump administration and the taxation of large technology companies. 

 

Germany—Iran Seeks Banned Tech In Germany, Says Domestic Intel Agency Jerusalem Post | 06/16/2021 Iran stepped up efforts to acquire prohibited missile and nuclear technology in Germany last year, according to a new report cited by the Jerusalem Post. On Tuesday, Germany's Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution released its annual threat assessment report for 2020. Iran made "proliferation-relevant procurement attempts" in 2020 but it was not immediately clear if those actions violated the 2015 Iran nuclear deal, which Germany and Iran remain parties to despite the U.S. withdrawal in 2018, says the report. Iran and its agents also sought technology for its missile program and appeared to be increasing its efforts on that front, it concluded. In one public case, a Chinese businessman and a German employee in Bavaria were convicted in a state court of sending "proliferation-relevant machines" to Iran. Hamas and Hezbollah also saw an increase in membership in Germany, says the report. Both groups are backed by Iran. 

 

NATO—Leaders Agree That Space Attack Could Trigger Collective Defense Response Nato Press Release | 06/16/2021 The leaders of NATO have agreed that an attack in or from space could trigger the alliance's collective defense mechanism, reports NATO. An attack to, from or within space could lead to the invocation of Article 5, which requires all allies to aid an ally that is attacked, according to a communique issued by the leaders following talks in Brussels on Monday. Such attacks are a clear challenge to NATO's security and the effect of such an attack could threaten the prosperity, security and stability of individual nations and the Euro-Atlantic community, says the communique. Such attacks could be as harmful to modern societies as a conventional attack, the leaders said. Previously, the collective defense mechanism had only been understood to apply to attacks on land, sea, air or cyberspace, noted Sky News (U.K.). The extension of Article 5 to space follows the alliance's decision in April to declare space its fifth operational domain. 

 

Switzerland—Lower House Approves US$2.5 Billion To Strengthen Military Defense Post | 06/16/2021 Swiss lawmakers have approved plans to invest US$2.5 billion in the military, reports the Defense Post. The plan, recently passed by the lower house of the Federal Assembly, includes US$472 million for new combat vehicles and trailers and US$857 million for personal equipment, ammunition and cyber systems. It also covers US$284 million to acquire command and communication systems; US$133 million for nuclear, biological, and chemical protection systems; and US$56 million for combat simulators. The air force is in line for US$697 million for logistics, training, and command infrastructure. The spending is intended to upgrade equipment and training to strengthen the Swiss military's defense capabilities. 

 

Kosovo—Little Progress Seen In Normalization Talks With Serbia Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty | 06/16/2021 The latest round of talks between the leaders of Kosovo and Serbia on the normalization of ties made little progress, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti and Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic met on Tuesday in Brussels. This was the first such meeting since last year and the first for Kurti, who came to power in February's parliamentary elections on a left-wing reformist platform. Kurti pledged to take a new tack in talks with Serbia. During the meeting, Kurti presented four proposals, including a peace agreement; mutual recognition of minorities under the principal of bilateral reciprocity, with the creation in Kosovo of a National Council for Serbs similar to those for Albanians and Bosniaks in Serbia; removing a Serbian official from a missing persons delegation who had participated as a district chief in the occupation of Kosovo; and a new free trade agreement among the six Western Balkan countries, reported Balkan Insight. The first three proposals were rejected, while no answer was received on the free trade agreement proposal. E.U. special envoy for the Kosovo-Serbia dialogue Miroslav Lajcak said following the meeting that it was not easy, but that it was important that the sides were talking. A second meeting is anticipated before the end of July, Lajcak said. 

 

Taiwan—Dozens Of Chinese Aircraft Fly Through ADIZ The Hill | 06/16/2021 The Taiwanese Ministry of Defense says a record number of Chinese aircraft flew through its air defense identification zone (ADIZ) this week, reports the Hill (Washington, D.C.). On Tuesday, 28 Chinese military aircraft flew through the ADIZ, including 14 J-16 and six J-11 fighters and four H-6 bombers, the ministry said. Anti-submarine, electronic warfare and early warning aircraft also participated in the mission. Some of the aircraft flew close to the Pratas Islands, while the bombers and several fighters flew around the southern part of Taiwan near the tip of the island, reported Reuters. Taiwanese fighter aircraft were dispatched to intercept and warn away the intruding aircraft. The previous peak for aircraft incursions had been set on April 12, when 25 Chinese aircraft entered the Taiwanese ADIZ. Taiwan has complained about repeated Chinese incursions into its airspace in recent months. 

 

Philippines—Outgoing ICC Chief Prosecutor Calls For Investigation Into Drug War British Broadcasting Corp. | 06/16/2021 The outgoing head prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague has called for a full investigation into potential crimes against humanity committed during the President Rodrigo Duterte's crackdown on drugs, reports BBC News. On Monday, Fatou Bensouda formally requested an investigation into drug-war killings carried out between the start of Duterte's term in 2016 and Manila's withdrawal from the ICC in 2019, reported the Washington Post. The request calls for the judges sitting on the ICC war crimes court to authorize the investigation for her replacement. Bensouda was set to step down on Wednesday. She is being succeeded by British lawyer Karim Khan. Bensouda opened a preliminary investigation into abuses during the crackdown in 2018, leading Duterte to withdraw from the ICC. Her investigation determined there was a reasonable basis to believe that "state actors, primarily members of the security forces, had killed thousands of suspected drug users and other civilians during official law enforcement operations," with similar killings carried out by vigilantes, some of whom were police officers, outside official operations. Data from the Philippine government acknowledges 6,000 deaths, but rights groups believe the figure is far higher. 

 

Burma—Rebel Group Suspends Offensive Reuters | 06/16/2021 A Burmese rebel group in the eastern Kayah state says it will suspend attacks on military forces following an outcry by locals, reports Reuters. On Tuesday, the Karenni National Defense Force (KNDF) said that it would temporarily halt offensive operations. The move comes after local communities called for an end to fighting that has damaged homes and displaced 100,000 people across the country, according to the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights. The KNDF is part of the People's Defense Forces, a network of armed militias backing the elected government that was overthrown in a Feb. 1 coup. It is primarily composed of civilians from Loikaw, Demoso and Nan Mei Khon in Kayah and Moebye and Pekhon in the southern Shan state, reported Myanmar Now.   The KNDF did not indicate how long the cease-fire would continue but suggested that it would oppose the junta in other ways. 

 

Pakistan—Steel Cut For 4th Jinnah-Class Corvette Pakistani Navy | 06/16/2021 Construction has begun on the final Jinnah-class corvette at a shipyard in Pakistan, reports the Pakistani navy. On June 15, the first steel was cut for the warship at the Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works. The frigate is the last of four vessels Pakistan ordered from Turkey in July 2018, reported Naval News. Two ships each were to be built by Istanbul Naval Shipyard and Karachi Shipyard. The first corvette is expected to be launched in Istanbul later this year and delivered in 2023. 

 

Saudi Arabia—MoU On Aviation Security Inked With Abu Dhabi Al Arabiya | 06/16/2021 The civil aviation authorities in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates have signed a memorandum of understanding on aviation security, reports Al Arabiya (Dubai). The Saudi Authority for Civil Aviation (GACA) and the Emirati General Civil Aviation Authority signed the accord on Tuesday, reported the Saudi Press Agency. The agreement calls for enhanced bilateral cooperation to modernize administrative, organizational, operational and technical aspects of aviation security. The accord also covers exchanges, development and enhancement of security infrastructure and the application of best practices and software systems. 

 

Israel—Air Force Hits Hamas Targets In Gaza After Incendiary Attacks Times of Israel | 06/16/2021 Israel struck militant sites in the Gaza Strip after incendiary balloons launched from the area started dozens of fires, reports the Times of Israel. On Tuesday, incendiary devices launched by Palestinian factions in Gaza started more than two dozen fires in southern Israel. The Israeli air force subsequently attacked targets in Khan Younes and Gaza City. Palestinian media indicated that some of the sites belonged to the Al Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of Hamas. There were no reports of casualties in the strikes and fires, reported Al Jazeera (Qatar). One Palestinian was injured during rioting near the border. A Hamas spokesman told Reuters that the attacks were linked to a planned march celebrating Israel's capture of East Jerusalem in 1967. This was the first clash since an 11-day conflict between Israel and armed groups in Gaza ended in May. 

 

Lebanon—China Donates Utility Vehicles, Trucks To Army Defense News | 06/16/2021 Lebanon has accepted a donation of 100 vehicles from China as part of a military assistance package, reports Defense News. On June 11, the vehicles were delivered to the Lebanese army during a ceremony at the Logistics Brigade in Baabda, southeast of Beirut. The vehicles will be divided among units to facilitate transportation and training rather than being assigned to a specific brigade, a military source said. The donation included 60 B80VJ four-wheel vehicles built by Beijing Auto, which can be used for command, utility and light assault operations. The vehicles can be armed with a machine gun or light rocket launcher, although the B80VJs handed over to Lebanon were not armed. The remaining 40 vehicles were Sinotruck Howo six-wheel drive military tractor trucks. Spare parts were not included in the assistance package, so the military will eventually have to buy spare parts from China, a retired military official noted. 

 

Ethiopia—Government Rejects Arab League Proposal For U.N. Intervention On Controversial Dam Al Jazeera | 06/16/2021 Ethiopia has rejected an Arab League resolution calling for the U.N. Security Council to intervene in a dispute over a controversial dam on the Nile River, reports Al Jazeera (Qatar). On Tuesday, the foreign ministers from the 22-nation bloc met in Doha and signed a statement calling for the Security Council's intervention in the dispute over the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). Ethiopia subsequently rejected the move, saying that "utilization of the Nile waters is also an existential matter for Ethiopia." The latest round of tension over the dam comes as Ethiopia is in a second rainy season in which it has promised to fill the reservoir behind the dam, currently about 80 percent complete, with the aim of bringing the dam online in two years. U.S.-sponsored talks ended in late 2020 after Ethiopia accused the U.S. of siding with Egypt. Both Egypt and Sudan say that the project will reduce their supplies of freshwater. Talks sponsored by the African Union ended in April. 

 

Colombia—36 Soldiers Wounded In Cucuta Base Attack Agence France-Presse | 06/16/2021 At least 36 Colombian soldiers have been injured in an attack on an army base in Cucuta in northeastern Colombia, reports Agence France-Presse. On Tuesday, militants posing as government employees drove onto the base in a van laden with explosives, which they subsequently detonated, the Colombian Defense Ministry said in a statement. The ministry blamed the National Liberation Army (ELN) for the attack. Talks with the ELN have been at a standstill since 2019, when Duque withdrew the government from talks after a deadly attack in Bogota.   

 

 

Tuesday, June 15, 2021

TheList 5747

The List 5747     TGB

 

Good Tuesday Morning 15 June

I hope that your week has started well.

 

Regards

skip

 

This Day in Naval Aviation

June 15

 

1775—Abraham Whipple takes command of Rhode Island's coastal defense ship, Katy, and captures a tender of HMS Rose. In December, Katy is taken into the Continental service and renamed Providence.

 

1864—During the Civil War, the side-wheel steamer, USS Lexington, commanded by Lt. George Bache, and a boat crew from the side-wheel steamer, USS Tyler, capture three steamers aiding Confederates off Beulah Landing, MS.

 

1944—Following intensive naval gunfire and carrier-based aircraft bombing, Task Force 52 lands the Marines on Saipan, which is the first relatively large and heavily defended land mass in the Central Pacific to be assaulted by US amphibious forces.

 

1956—USS Canberra is recommissioned as (CAG 2) at Philadelphia Navy Yard, PA. She was previously a Baltimore-class heavy cruiser.

 

1963—The combat stores ship, USS Mars (AFS 1), is launched. She is the first of a new class of underway replenishment ships that combines the functions of the stores ship (AS), the stores issue ship (AKS), and the aviation supply ship (AVS). 

 

1991 - 2 battle groups and amphibious ships evacuate dependents and Air Force personnel from Clark Air Force Base after Mount Pinatubo erupts in Philippines

 

2017—The Navy releases the results of a comprehensive review to determine causes of and make recommendations to eliminate physiological episodes within Naval Aviation. Physiological episodes occur when aircrew experience a decrease in performance due to the cabin pressure fluctuations, contamination of breathing air, or other factors in the flight environment. Steps recommended to reduce the episodes include improved aircraft oxygen systems, increased inspection requirements and establishing an integrated life support system program at Naval Air Systems Command.

 

 

Today in History June 15

1184

King Magnus of Norway is defeated by his rival, Sverre.

1215

King John signs the Magna Carta.

1381

The English peasant revolt is crushed in London.

1389

Ottoman Turks crush Serbia in the Battle of Kosovo.

1607

Colonists in North America complete James Fort in Jamestown.

1752

Benjamin Franklin and his son test the relationship between electricity and lightning by flying a kite in a thunder storm.

1775

George Washington is named Commander-in-Chief by Congress.

1779

American General Anthony Wayne captures Stony Point, New York.

1836

Arkansas is admitted into the Union as the 25th state.

1846

Great Britain and the United States agree on a joint occupation of Oregon Territory.

1849

James K. Polk, the 11th president of the United States, dies.

1862

General J.E.B. Stuart completes his "ride around McClellan."

1864

The Battle for Petersburg begins.

1866

Prussia attacks Austria.

1877

Henry O. Flipper becomes the first African American to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point.

1898

The U.S. House of representatives approves the annexation of Hawaii.

1904

Fire aboard the paddle steamer General Slocum on New York's East River kills 1,021, mostly German-Americans.

1916

President Woodrow Wilson signs a bill incorporating the Boy Scouts of America.

1917

Great Britain pledges the release of all Irish captured during the Easter Rebellion of 1916.

1920

Three African Americans are lynched in Duluth, Minnesota, by a white mob of 5,000.

1928

Republicans, convening in Kansas City, name Herbert Hoover their candidate for President.

1932

Gaston Means is sentenced to 15 years for fraud in the Lindbergh baby kidnapping.

1940

The French fortress of Verdun is captured by Germans.

1944

U.S. Marines begin the invasion of Saipan in the Pacific.

1947

The All India Congress accepts a British plan for the partition of India.

1958

Greece severs military ties to Turkey because of the Cyprus issue.

1964

The last French troops leave Algeria.

1977

The first general election in Spain since 1936 results in victory for the UCD (Union of Democratic Centre).

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Thanks to CAP

 

An AWWWWWW moment for the day 😊

 

https://biggeekdad.com/2021/06/dogs-are-awesome-4/

 

 

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Thanks to Tom

 

View the Latest Edition of "This Week @NASA" (Published June 11, 2021)

 

Folks-

 

Short notes this week  - away from duty station....

 

SP-x 22 – yet another commercial launch to resupply the ISS.  This has gone from art to science – meaning the exceptional is again, looking routine.  STILL a hard job to safely pull off these launches,  but this is paving the way for the future to have low earth orbit (LEO)  "owned" by the commercial space segment.  Only concern is at somoe point, like on earth, if the industry is "dirty" the earth orbit will be laden with risk from space junk collisions.   We are nearly there – roughly 380 (estimated) tons of junk is in orbit today.

 

TechRise is an investment in the education of our youth.  With the dumbing down of everything to accommodate the slower student, this is a bright spot!  Think about how many unchallenged minds are going to be creating new ideas and technologies ....not 100 years out but in our lifetimes!  WELL worth the time effort and money invested!!

 

Unexplained is why we would get resources from Jupiter's moon.   The rationale in short is that Jupiter landings are not possible – gravity to do an ascent is prohibitive, and it is a "gas giant" rather than a solid surface.  Therefore, visiting a moon is easier by far – small "gravity well"  (amount of energy required to exit its gravity field) AND...rich in needed materials.

 

Must run!

 

Enjoy!

 

Tom

 

 

AGENCYWIDE MESSAGE TO ALL NASA EMPLOYEES

 

Points of Contact: Jim Wilson, jim.wilson@nasa.gov and Andre Valentine, andre.valentine-1@nasa.gov, Office of Communications, NASA Headquarters

------------------------------------------------------------------------

   

View the Latest Edition of "This Week @NASA" (Published June 11, 2021)

 

View the latest "This Week @NASA" produced by NASA Television for features on agency news and activities. Stories in this program include:

 

Progress Preparing the Artemis I Moon Rocket

Juno's Flyby Images of Ganymede

June 10 Eclipse of the Sun

Resupply Mission Arrives at Space Station

Highlighting Winners of Challenge to Engineer Human Tissue

New Student Hands-On Tech Challenge

 

To watch this edition of "This Week @NASA" dated June 11, 2021, click on the image below:

 

 

 

Watch the Video

 

 

To access this edition of "This Week @NASA," you may also visit:

 

https://youtu.be/vxD_iE0Uko8

 

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ROLLING THUNDER REMEMBERED Thanks to the Bear

LOOKING BACK 55-YEARS to the Vietnam Air War— ... … For The List for Tuesday, 15 June 2021… BearπŸ‡ΊπŸ‡Έ⚓️🐻

 

OPERATION ROLLING THUNDER (1965-1968)…

From the archives of rollingthunderremembered.com post for 15 June 1966… "Bonnie Dick in the van—Going Downtown (July '67)"…

 

https://www.rollingthunderremembered.com/rolling-thunder-remembered-15-june-1966-going-downtown/

 

 

 

This following work accounts for every fixed wing loss of the Vietnam War and you can use it to read more about the losses in The Bear's Daily account. Even better it allows you to add your updated information to the work to update for history…skip

 

Vietnam Air Losses

Access Chris Hobson and Dave Lovelady's work at:  https://www.VietnamAirLosses.com.

 

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This Day in U S Military History…….June 15

 

1944 – American forces began their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II. Meanwhile, B-29 Superfortresses made their first raids on Japan. Coast Guard-manned transports that took part in the invasion included the USSs Cambria, Arthur Middleton, Callaway, Leonard Wood, LST-19, LST-23, LST-166 and LST-169. Preceded by naval gunfire and carrier air strikes, the V Amphibious Corps assaulted the west coast of Saipan, Marianas Islands. By nightfall, the 2d and 4th Marine Divisions, moving against heavy opposition, had established a beachhead 10,000 yards wide and 1,500 yards deep.

1944 – Admiral Clark leads two groups of US carrier forces raiding Iwo Jima, Chichi Jima and Haha Jima. The Japanese carriers are sighted by US patrols heading through the San Bernardino Strait while some of the Japanese battleships are seen east of Mindanao.

1944 – A fourth American corps is add to the US 1st Army. The US 8th Corps becomes operations on the Cotentin Peninsula. Meanwhile, elements of the US 7th Corps capture Quineville.

1944 – The first B-29 Superfortress raid on Japan is conducted. Bombers from the US 20th Air Force in China attack Yawatta on Kyushu.

1945 – American OSS units complete mopping up operations in the Shan Mountains area.

1945 – US B-29 Superfortress bombers drop 3000 tons of bombs on Osaka.

1945 – On Okinawa, Marines suffer heavy casualties and are unable to advance on Kunishi Ridge. The US 1st Division, already short of troops, is attached to the US 2nd Marine Division. Forces of the US 24th Corps continue operations to eliminate Japanese positions on Mount Yaeju and Mount Yuza.

1945 – On Luzon, Filipino guerrillas seize Cervantes in the north. Meanwhile, the US 37th Division continues to battle forward in the Cagayan valley, eliminating a Japanese strong point about 3 miles from Santiago, near Cabanatuan.

 

1965 – U.S. planes bomb targets in North Vietnam, but refrain from bombing Hanoi and the Soviet missile sites that surround the city. On June 17, two U.S. Navy jets downed two communist MiGs, and destroyed another enemy aircraft three days later. U.S. planes also dropped almost 3 million leaflets urging the North Vietnamese to get their leaders to end the war. These missions were part of Operation Rolling Thunder, launched in March 1965, after President Lyndon B. Johnson ordered a sustained bombing campaign of North Vietnam. The operation was designed to interdict North Vietnamese transportation routes in the southern part of the North Vietnam and to slow infiltration of personnel and supplies into South Vietnam. During the early months of this campaign, there were restrictions against striking targets in or near Hanoi and Haiphong, but in July 1966, Rolling Thunder was expanded to include the bombing of North Vietnamese ammunition dumps and oil storage facilities. In the spring of 1967, it was further expanded to include power plants, factories, and airfields in the Hanoi and Haiphong areas. The White House closely controlled Operation Rolling Thunder and at times President Johnson personally selected the targets. From 1965 to 1968, about 643,000 tons of bombs were dropped on North Vietnam. The operation continued, with occasional suspensions, until President Johnson halted it entirely on October 31, 1968, under increasing domestic political pressure.

 

1991 – Mount Pinatubo (4,750 feet high) erupted. Due to early warning 56,000 people were evacuated and only 450 people died. The eruption forced the closure of Clark Air Force Base in Angeles City and displaced hundreds of families of the Aeta tribe. 2 battle groups and amphibious ships evacuate dependents and Air Force personnel from Clark.

 

Medal of Honor Citations for Actions Taken This Day

 

APPLETON, WILLIAM H.
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, Company H, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864; At New Market Heights, Va., 29 September 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, N.H. Born: 24 March 1843, Chichester, N.H. Date of issue: 18 February 1891. Citation: The first man of the Eighteenth Corps to enter the enemy's works at Petersburg, Va., 15 June 1864. Valiant service in a desperate assault at New Market Heights, Va., inspiring the Union troops by his example of steady courage.

FALLON, THOMAS T.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 37th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Williamsburg, Va., 5 May 1862. At Fair Oaks, Va., 30-31 May 1862. At Big Shanty, Ga., 14-15 June 1864. Entered service at: Freehold, N.J. Birth: Ireland. Date of issue: 13 February 1891. Citation: At Williamsburg, Va., assisted in driving rebel skirmishers to their main line. Participated in action, at Fair Oaks, Va., though excused from duty because of disability. In a charge with his company at Big Shanty, Ga., was the first man on the enemy's works.

HALLOCK, NATHAN M.
Rank and organization: Private, Company K, 124th New York Infantry. Place and date: At Bristoe Station, Va., 15 June 1863. Entered service at: Middletown, N.Y. Birth: Orange County, N.Y. Date of issue: 10 September 1897. Citation: At imminent peril saved from death or capture a disabled officer of his company by carrying him under a hot musketry fire, to a place of safety.

NUGENT, CHRISTOPHER
Rank and organization: Orderly Sergeant, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 1840, County of Caven, Ireland. Accredited to: Massachusetts. G.O. No.: 32, 16 April 1864. Citation: Serving on board the U.S.S. Fort Henry, Crystal River, Fla., 15 June 1863. Reconnoitering on the Crystal River on this date and in charge of a boat from the Fort Henry, Orderly Sgt. Nugent ordered an assault upon a rebel breastwork fortification. In this assault, the orderly sergeant and his comrades drove a guard of 11 rebels into the swamp, capturing their arms and destroying their camp equipage while gallantly withholding fire to prevent harm to a woman among the fugitives. On 30 July 1863, he further proved his courage by capturing a boat off Depot Key, Fla., containing 2 men and a woman with their baggage.

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KELLEY, THOMAS G.
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, River Assault Division 152. place and date: Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa province, Republic of Vietnam, 15 June 1969. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: 13 May 1939, Boston, Mass. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in the afternoon while serving as commander of River Assault Division 152 during combat operations against enemy aggressor forces. Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.) Kelley was in charge of a column of 8 river assault craft which were extracting 1 company of U.S. Army infantry troops on the east bank of the Ong Muong Canal in Kien Hoa province, when 1 of the armored troop carriers reported a mechanical failure of a loading ramp. At approximately the same time, Viet Cong forces opened fire from the opposite bank of the canal. After issuing orders for the crippled troop carrier to raise its ramp manually, and for the remaining boats to form a protective cordon around the disabled craft, Lt. Comdr. Kelley realizing the extreme danger to his column and its inability to clear the ambush site until the crippled unit was repaired, boldly maneuvered the monitor in which he was embarked to the exposed side of the protective cordon in direct line with the enemy's fire, and ordered the monitor to commence firing. Suddenly, an enemy rocket scored a direct hit on the coxswain's flat, the shell penetrating the thick armor plate, and the explosion spraying shrapnel in all directions. Sustaining serious head wounds from the blast, which hurled him to the deck of the monitor, Lt. Cmdr. Kelley disregarded his severe injuries and attempted to continue directing the other boats. Although unable to move from the deck or to speak clearly into the radio, he succeeded in relaying his commands through 1 of his men until the enemy attack was silenced and the boats were able to move to an area of safety. Lt. Comdr. Kelley's brilliant leadership, bold initiative, and resolute determination served to inspire his men and provide the impetus needed to carry out the mission after he was medically evacuated by helicopter. His extraordinary courage under fire, and his selfless devotion to duty sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.

 

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AMERICAN AEROSPACE EVENTS for June 15, 2021 FIRSTS, LASTS, AND SIGNIFICANT ACCOMPLISHMENTS. THANKS TO HAROLD "PHIL" MYERS CHIEF HISTORIAN AIR FORCE INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE, AND RECONNAISSANCE AGENCY

 

15 June

 

1928: Flying an Air Corps blimp over an Illinois Central train, Lt Karl S. Axtater and Lt Edward H. White dipped down and handed a mailbag to a postal clerk on the train to complete the first airplane-to-train mail transfer. (20)

 

1940: Congress authorized 10,000 useful airplanes and 48 useful airships for the Navy. (24)

 

1942: Seven B-24s from the Halverson Detachment attacked and damaged the Italian battleship Littorio east of Malta. (4)

 

1944: KEY EVENT. Brig Gen LaVerne G. Saunders, XX Bomber Command, led the first B-29 strike against Japan. In that raid, 47 B-29s flew from bases in Chengtu, China, to attack steel mills at Yawata on Kyushu. (20) (21)

 

1952: KOREAN WAR. In aerial combat, 2Lt James F. Low, 335th Fighter-Interceptor Squadron, destroyed his fifth MiG, becoming an ace just six months after completing flight training. (28)

 

1959: The 463 TCW at Sewart AFB, Tenn., received the first C-130B.

 

1963: The Air Force launched its 200th Thor missile.

 

1965: SAC declared the 400 SMS to be operational at Francis E. Warren AFB. This act ended the deployment of 800 Minuteman Is in 16 squadrons. (1) (6) 1969: C-5A No. 2 set several records: heaviest takeoff at 762,800 pounds and heaviest landing with 600,000 pounds. (3)

 

1970: A C-130 flew the final Blind Bat flare mission over the Barrel Roll area of Laos. The PACAF C-130s involved in this mission returned to Naha AB. (17)

 

1971: The first Titan III-D space booster launched from Vandenberg AFB. It was a two-stage liquid-fueled, core vehicle with two additional outboard strap-on thrust pods of solid propellant.

 

1972: A 42 BMW B-52G crew from Loring AFB launched the first operational SRAM at White Sands Missile Range. (1) (6)

 

1975: The last F-111s in Thailand began their redeployment to the US. (16) (26)

 

1978: SAC demilitarized and removed the last Hound Dog missiles from its inventory at the 42 BMW, Loring AFB. (6)

 

1984: MAC C-130s flew 4.5 tons of pumps and other equipment from Dyess AFB to Kansas City, Missouri, to assist in flood fighting efforts in northwest Missouri. (16) (26) The first Peacekeeper with a Mark-21 Reentry Vehicle completed a flight test at Vandenberg AFB. (16) (26)

 

2006: The last production Block 10 Global Hawk arrived at Edwards AFB for acceptance and operational check flights before delivery to Beale AFB for operational use. (3)

 

2007: The last operational F-16A Fighting Falcon (Tail No. 82-993) flew its final mission in Arizona's skies, taking off from the Tucson Air National Guard base for indefinite storage at the Aerospace Maintenance and Regeneration Group yard at Davis-Monthan AFB, Ariz. (AFNEWS, "Air Guard Retires Last F-16A in Service," 20 Jun 2007.)

 

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World News for 15 June thanks to Military Periscope

 

USA—Reagan Carrier Strike Group Enters S. China Sea U.S. Pacific Fleet | 06/15/2021 A U.S. carrier group has begun operations in the South China Sea, reports the U.S. Pacific Fleet. The Ronald Reagan Carrier Strike Group is conducting "flight operations with fixed- and rotary-wing aircraft, maritime strike exercises and coordinated tactical training between surface and air units," the fleet said on Tuesday. The unit also includes the guided-missile cruiser USS Shiloh and destroyer USS Halsey. "The South China Sea is pivotal to the free flow of commerce," said Rear Adm. Will Pennington, the strike group commander. "It is both a privilege and a pleasure to work alongside our allies, partners and joint service teammates to provide full spectrum support to key maritime commons and ensure all nations continue to benefit from a free and open Indo-Pacific region," he said. 

 

USA—LCAC-100 Hovercraft Program Breaches Cost Limits Defense News | 06/15/2021 The costs of the Navy's LCAC-100 Ship-to-Shore Connector (SSC) program have breached the thresholds set by the Nunn-McCurdy law, reports Defense News. On March 26, the Navy notified Congress that the increase in the program acquisition unit cost and average procurement unit cost for the program had exceeded the current baseline sufficiently to trigger a Nunn-McCurdy breach, the service said in a statement on June 11. The increase was driven by first-in-class challenges that drove up construction costs resulting from labor and material cost growth and schedule-related issues on early craft, the Navy said. Production is now stable following the resolution of first-in-class issues, according to the service. The breach is less than the 25 percent figure that requires recertification or cancellation, the newspaper said. The LCAC-100 program is expected to cover 72 vehicles to replace the aging fleet of air-cushion landing craft (LCACs) that transport Marines, ground vehicles and equipment from amphibious warships to shore. Textron was awarded a contract for the the LCAC-100, in 2012, but the maiden vehicle did not see in-water testing until 2018. It underwent acceptance trials in 2019 and was delivered in 2020. The second and third SSCs, LCAC-101 and LCAC-102, have also been delivered, with LCAC-102 transferring to Panama City, Fla., to support initial operator training and post-delivery test and trials earlier this month. Textron is currently under contract to build the first 24 craft, with LCAC-103 through LCAC-115 under construction. 

 

USA—Biden Administration Names Navy Secretary Nominee Defense News | 06/15/2021 The Biden administration has announced its pick for Navy secretary, reports Defense News. On June 11, the administration indicated that Carlos Del Toro would be nominated as the civilian leader of the Navy. Del Toro graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1983 and served in the Navy for 22 years, including as the first commanding officer of the destroyer Bulkeley, during which he oversaw integration of women into the crew as one of the first mixed-gender warships. He also served as a program manager for Space and Naval Warfare Command, now Naval Information Warfare Systems Command, and as a senior executive assistant to the director for program analysis and evaluation in the Office of the Secretary of Defense. Del Toro also held positions working with the White House, Congress and Office of Management and Budget during his career. After leaving the Navy, Del Toro founded SBG Technology Solutions, which has worked on defense programs related to shipbuilding, artificial intelligence, cybersecurity and space systems. 

 

USA—Northrop Grumman Delivers EW System To Navy For Testing Northrop Grumman | 06/15/2021 Northrop Grumman says it has delivered the first AN/SLQ-32(V)7 Surface Electronic Warfare Improvement Program (SEWIP) Block 3 electronic warfare system to the Navy for testing. The SEWIP Block 3 engineering and development model was handed over to the Navy for land-based testimony during a ceremony at Northrop Grumman's systems integration facility in Baltimore, Md., the company said in a release last week. Prior to delivery, Northrop Grumman completed systems integration and formal qualification testing on the system under the engineering, manufacturing and development contract. The Block 3 system will undergo land-based testing at the Naval Sea Systems Command Surface Combat Systems Center in Wallops Island, Va 

 

Canada—Attorney General Approves Terror Charges For Truck Attack On Muslim Family Canadian Broadcasting Corporation | 06/15/2021 The suspect in a truck attack that killed four members of a Muslim family in London, Ontario, will also face terrorism charges, reports CBC News. On Monday, the charges against Nathaniel Veltman were expanded to include committing a terrorist act during a hearing at the Ontario superior court. Canada's attorney general approved the charges, reported BBC News. Veltman has been charged with four counts of first-degree murder and one count of attempted murder for the June 6 attack, when he intentionally drove his vehicle into the Azfaal family as they waited to cross a street at a red light. Four members of the family were killed. A nine-year-old boy, the youngest member of the family, is still in the hospital recovering from his injuries. The family was targeted for their Muslim faith, according to police. 

 

Belarus—Lukashenko's Right-Hand Man Suddenly Resigns Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty | 06/15/2021 Viktor Sheiman, considered to be the right-hand man of President Aleksander Lukashenko, has abruptly resigned from his post in the Belarusian government, reports Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. On June 11, Lukashenko accepted Sheiman's resignation as the head of Belarus President Property Management Directorate, reported the state-run Belarusian Telegraph Agency. He most recently served as the head of the presidential administration, according to RFE/RL. Lukashenko said that Sheiman had wished to resign on previous occasions, but that Sheiman had now accomplished enough. Sheiman has served in a variety of senior security positions with Lukashenko since the latter came to power in 1994. Lukashenko says that Sheiman saved his life from an assassination attempt during that election. Sheiman was appointed as secretary of the Security Council from 1994 to 2000. He was accused of running a death squad during that period that was responsible for over 30 assassinations and forced disappearances. He later served as prosecutor general and chief of staff as well as an envoy to various authoritarian regimes in Latin America and Africa. During the meeting to accept the resignation, Lukashenko said that Sheiman would continue to oversee relations with Cuba, Venezuela and Africa until he decided who would replace him. 

 

China—Framatome Seeks U.S. Assistance With Possible Leak At Taishan Nuclear Power Plant Cable News Network | 06/15/2021 A French company that assists in the operation of and partially owns a nuclear reactor in China's southeastern Guangdong province has warned that the plant poses an "imminent radiological threat" in a letter to the U.S. government, reports CNN. Over the last week, U.S. officials and experts have been assessing a letter that Framatome sent to the Dept. of Energy, which included accusations that the Chinese nuclear safety authority was increasing the acceptable limits for radiation detection outside of the Taishan Nuclear Power Plant in order to avoid having to shut it down. The company is seeking a waiver for U.S. technical assistance to resolve the problem. The problem is linked to an increase in the concentration of noble gases in the primary circuit of reactor number one at Taishan, said French utility company Electricite de France (EDF), which owns Framatome. The plant is currently operating within safety parameters. On Sunday, the Taishan plant said the environmental readings for the plant and the surrounding area were normal. The leak is not at a crisis level but is increasing and requires monitoring, according to U.S. government officials. Construction of the Taishan power plant began in 2009 and the two reactors began generating power in in 2018 and 2019, respectively. It was the first plant in the world to operate a next-generation EPR pressurized water reactor design. 

 

Philippines—4 Militants Die In Sulu Shootout Philippine Daily Inquirer | 06/15/2021 Four militants, including a subleader, have been killed during a Philippine security operation in the southern Sulu province, reports the Philippine Daily Inquirer. On Sunday, the soldiers were attempting to serve arrest warrants on Abu Sayyaf Group militants in the village of Alat in Jolo municipality when the suspects opened fire, the Philippine National Police said. Four militants were killed in the clash, including Injam Yaddah, who has been implicated in the kidnapping of several foreign nationals. Al-al Sawadjaan, the brother of Abu Sayyaf bomb-maker Mundi Sawadjaan and a volunteer suicide bomber, was also killed in the fighting. No casualties were reported among the security forces. Following the firefight, police recovered a loaded M16 rifle and a loaded .45-caliber pistol along with an improvised explosive device, cell phone, Honda XRM motorcycle, detonating cords and a blasting cap. 

 

Philippines—VFA With U.S. Extended For Another 6 Months Rappler | 06/15/2021 The Philippine government has again extended an agreement covering military activities with the U.S., reports the Rappler (Manila). On Monday, Foreign Secretary Teodoro Locsin Jr. announced that the Philippines would again pause plans to scrap the visiting forces agreement (VFA) for further study. The agreement was set to expire in August. Populist President Rodrigo Duterte announced in February 2020 that he planned to abandon the deal, which provides the framework for defense and training arrangements with the U.S. Duterte has since suspended the withdrawal three times, each for six months. Following Joe Biden's election in November 2020, the Philippines said it was interested in renegotiating portions of the arrangement. Earlier this year, the sides reportedly concluded negotiations to improve the VFA. 

 

Vietnam—New Maritime Militia Unit Established In South Nikkei Asia | 06/15/2021 Vietnam has launched a new squadron to protect its interests in the Gulf of Thailand, reports the Nikkei Asia (Tokyo). On June 9, the Permanent Maritime Militia Unit was established in the southwestern Kien Giang province. The militia unit consists of nine ships and platoons equipped with light weapons for paramilitary operations. Vietnam's Naval Academy and Naval Technical College will support the new unit, which will protect fishing activities and conduct patrols in the Gulf of Thailand. The region is of increasing importance as Hanoi expands oil and gas exploration and transportation activities there. It is the second such unit to stand up since April, when another squadron consisting of 131 personnel began operations in the southern Ba Ria Vung Tau province, which is situated near strategic hydrocarbon deposits. 

 

Pakistan—4 Paramilitaries Die In Roadside Bombing In Baluchistan Dawn | 06/15/2021 Four Pakistani paramilitaries have been killed in an explosion in the western Baluchistan region, reports the Dawn (Karachi). The Frontier Corps troops were traveling on the road connecting Margat and Quetta when they struck an improvised explosive device, said the official Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR). They were stationed in the region to secure mines in Margat, said the ISPR. There were no immediate claims of responsibility. In May, three Frontier Corps soldiers were killed in an attack on a checkpoint near a mine in Margat. 

 

Afghanistan—Polio Vaccine Campaigners Killed In Separate Attacks In Nangarhar TOLONews | 06/15/2021 Five volunteers working with a polio vaccination team have been killed in a series of attacks in Afghanistan's eastern Nangarhar province, reports the Tolo News (Kabul). On Tuesday, unknown gunmen made five separate attacks on vaccination campaigners in the Sorkh Rod and Khogyani districts, as well as the city of Jalalabad, said a spokesman for the provincial governor. Five workers were killed and four wounded in the attacks, he said. Two are in critical condition. The spokesman noted that the team had not been provided with additional security even though security agencies had been asked to support the program. 

 

Iran—Navy Takes Delivery Of 2 New Warships Agence France-Presse | 06/15/2021 The Iranian navy says it has received two new warships, reports Agence France-Presse. On Monday, the navy took delivery of the corvette Dena and minesweeper Shahin. Iranian officials say that the Dena is an indigenous design, capable of embarking a helicopter and possessing a range of offensive and defensive systems. She is the fourth ship in the Jamaran class. The Shahin, measuring 110 feet (33 m) in length, is designed to detect and neutralize naval mines. 

 

Somalia—Suicide Attack At Military Camp Kills 15 Garowe Online | 06/15/2021 More than a dozen Somali army recruits have been killed in a suicide bombing in Mogadishu, reports the Garowe Online (Somalia). On Tuesday, a suicide bomber disguised as a recruit detonated his explosive device as recruits lined up to enter the General Dhegobadan Military Camp, said police. At least 15 recruits were killed in the attack, though that number could rise, reported the New Arab (London). A Somali lawmaker tweeted that there were more than 20 casualties in the blast, reported the Voice of America News. Many others were wounded and taken the Madina hospital in Mogadishu, reported Reuters. There were no immediate claims of responsibility, although Al-Shabaab was suspected. 

 

South Sudan—Government Hinders Peacekeeper Access To Some Areas Voice Of America News | 06/15/2021 The new head of the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) says the South Sudan government is preventing peacekeepers from accessing certain sensitive areas, reports the Voice of America News. UNMISS chief Nicholas Haysom told the VOA that peacekeepers were unable to patrol in Western Equatoria and Western Bahr El Ghazal states due to a lack of consent from the government. Under the status of forces agreement between the U.N. and South Sudan, peacekeepers are permitted to operate in the country as long as the government consents. Currently, about 90 percent of the country is accessible to peacekeepers provided they give notice, said Haysom. In September 2020, Chinese peacekeepers were prevented from intervening during fighting in Lobonok village, east of Juba. 

 

Ivory Coast—Ambush Kills 3 Soldiers Near Burkina Faso Border Tunis Afrique Presse | 06/15/2021 Three Ivorian soldiers have been killed in an ambush near the Ivory Coast's border with Burkina Faso, reports Tunis Afrique Presse. On Saturday, the soldiers were on a reconnaissance mission near the northern town of Tehini when one of their vehicles struck an improvised explosive device. Three soldiers were killed and four injured in what the Ivorian Defense Ministry called a "complex attack." No group has claimed responsibility for the ambush. Armed extremist organizations, including Al-Qaida and the Islamic State, have been accused of previous attacks in the region.